Simulation of Realistic Scenes of Future Sensors

For the preparation of a satellite mission realistic scenes of the future sensor are simulated.

For this, at first realistic parameter fields as basis for the simulation of the bottom-of-atmosphere reflectance and top-of-atmosphere radiance have to be derived. These fields represent the natural heterogeneity of the test-site.

Fig. 1: Various parameter fields fort he simulation of satellite data, test-site in Sweden

The spatial parameter fields are used as input for forward modelling. The spectral configuration of the future sensor is used for this.

Fig. 2: Simulated top-of-atmosphere radiances (672nm, 719nm, 820nm) (left); simulated radiance spectra of various land-uses for the area around the Ammersee for the future hyperspectral sensor EnMAP

With the help of parameter fields different points in time and combinations of observation angles as well as different atmospheric conditions can be simulated.

Fig. 3: Simulated scenes for the sensor Spectra at various observation angles

The examples are taken from work done for the ESA-satellite missions Spectra and Sentinel-3 as well as for the German mission EnMAP.